Mehedi Hasan Masum | June 27, 2019 | 142 views | 1 People said helpful.
CDN (Content Delivery Network) can be defined as a strategically distributed and geographically dispersed platform of servers and their data centers optimized to work in order to deliver Internet content swiftly and efficiently upon the requests of the end-users. Internet Content may include:
-Web items like graphics, text.
-Downloadable items like documents, media files, software.
-Social media sites like YouTube, Facebook, WeChat, to name a few.
-Live streaming media or Live Video Streaming
-On-demand streaming media
-Applications such as e-commerce
CDN services are very popular and always growing as a large part of web traffic is served through CDNs today especially Video CDN.
We have previously understood that a CDN is basically a large network of various servers located in several geographic zones. In order to lessen the distance between the visitors and a server, let’s say any website’s, what a CDN does is, it reserves a cached version of the content in multiple locations, PoPs (Point of Presence). Each PoP has a good quantity of caching servers accountable for content delivery to visitors within its vicinity.
When a visitor requests for static content from a particular location (e.g. London), that static content will be retrieved from the original server. Upon being delivered, the content will be cached on the London edge server (or the nearest POP to the visitor). If the visitor requests for the same content again, the request will be directed to CDN PoP edge server to check if the content has been already cached. If yes, the visitor gets a response from that server. And, if not, it will be cached again from the origin server.
CDN hosting operates with CDN management server. In response to a web query, the nearest server is provided to the user. The content traveling distance is reduced, thereby speeding up the delivery of the content.
CDN providers aid in the secure delivery of the requested contents. PoPs are networks of servers located globally. In case of live video streaming, broadcasting and video on demand cases in a CDN network, media transcoding is vital.
The answer is everyone.
It is no surprise that CDNs are already serving nearly over half of all internet traffic. But truth be told, although many CDNs today offer their services free of charge, CDNs aren’t literally for everyone. If most of the users are located in the same area as the hosting, having a CDN will mean negligible benefits. In this case, a CDN may even worsen the website’s performance by establishing an unnecessary connection between the visitor and a nearby server.
Nevertheless, CDN usage is popular in sectors like Government, higher education, healthcare, advertising, media and entertainment, online gaming, E-commerce, live video streaming, mobile, etc.
CDN (Content Delivery Network) market demand is increasing day by day because of the increased demand for rich video content. Therefore, video CDNs are of the highest demand. It was valued $7.33 billion in 2017 and predicted to reach $29.48 billion within 2023. Rising online users (nearly 10 times compared with the last decade) is one of the main causes of this market’s growth. Due to technological evolution, 4k/8k UHD television, HD supporting smart gadget and improved connectivity are available now. This technological advancement has been rising the expectation among end users for high-quality content. Furthermore, many gaming services adopting online channels now, and perform live video streaming using Youtube Live, which also enables market growth.
Popular commercial CDN (content delivery networks) include the following companies:
We have already discussed how one of the two distinct kinds of video delivery services works, that is CDN providers.
As for the second type of video delivery service, known as OVPs (Online Video Platforms), it can be referred to as a service focused primarily on hosting video streaming as well as often live streaming. Although these platforms are smaller than CDNs, but they ensure the delivery with exceptional functionality and a reasonable pricing. There are OVPs that partner with CDN providers and they undoubtedly yield the best performance. Some online video platforms are:
In keeping a site running quickly and smoothly, CDN (Content Delivery Network) has an indispensable role. Using CDNs means an increase in performance, thus giving the end users an enhanced experience. Therefore, today, many of the world’s top companies and organizations do business successfully online by heavily relying on this technology. And the worldwide market for content delivery network services is on the rise steadily.